The following verbal structure is used to express the beginning of an action:

Verb in the conjunctive base + DASU (出す)

The same structure exists with HAJIMERU instead of DASU, but DASU adds a notion of suddenness.

Ame ga furidasu.
It begins to rain.

Literally: The rain begins to fall.

It's then easy to conjugate the verb:

降り出す 降り出します start to
降り出さない 降り出しません don't start to
降り出した 降り出しました started to
降り出さなかった 降り出しませんでした didn't start to

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