CHUU AND JUU (中)
CHUU and JUU (中) are used to express phrases like:
- all over...
Depending on the noun to which it’s attached, the Kanji 中 is pronounced differently: CHUU or JUU.
When 中 is attached to a noun indicating a period of time, it’s pronounced JUU. It’s then translated as “throughout.” The action expressed covers the entire period indicated, and is placed just before JUU.
|Boku wa ichinichi juu nemutta.|
|I slept all day.|
中 is also pronounced JUU when it’s attached to a noun indicating a place. In that case, it’s translated as “all over,” “anywhere in,” “throughout” or “through.” The action expressed covers all parts of the place indicated and is placed before JUU.
|Sono kisha wa nihon juu ryokou shita.|
|This journalist traveled through/all over Japan.|
At last, 中 is pronounced CHUU when it’s attached to a noun. The proper translation is then “during/while.” The action expressed covers the entire space or time implied by the noun placed before CHUU.
|Ooku no hito ga senji chuu shinda.|
|Many people died during the war.|