Grammar

VTE + MO II (もいい)


The structure “Verb (form -TE) + MO II (もいい)” is used to express authorization (you can…, can I / may I...?), or to indicate that it’s not necessary to do an action (you don’t need to…). This structure is widely used in everyday life.

Let’s analyze some sentences in a literal manner.

あなた(かえ)っていいです
Anata wa kaette mo ii desu yo.
You can go back home.

Literally: As far as you are concerned, going back home is fine.

()いい?
Nete mo ii?
Can I go to bed?

Here, we are dealing with the request for permission. Literally: Even if I go to bed, is it good?

この仕事(しごと)()()けていいです
Kono shigoto o hikiukete mo ii desu yo.
I can take care of this work.

Literally: Doing this work, it’s OK / it’s alright for me.

明日(あした)学校(がっこう)()かなくていい
Ashita wa gakkou ni ikanakute mo ii yo.
You do not have to go to school tomorrow.

Literally: Tomorrow, even if you don’t go to school, it’s fine.

心配(しんぱい)しなくていいです
Shinpai shinakute mo ii desu yo.
You don’t need to worry.

Literally: Even if you are not nervous, it’s fine.

It would be intriguing to talk about permission here, so this translation seems more logical.

Other forms exist that express the same thing with a softer tone:

“もよろしいです”: YOROSHII, which is the polite form of いい.
“もかまいません”: KAMAIMASEN, which is the polite form of かまわない: means that there isn’t a problem, that it doesn’t matter

写真(しゃしん)()ってよろしいです
Shashin o totte mo yoroshii desu ka.
May I take a photo?

(わたし)()ってかまいません
Watashi mo itte mo kamaimasen ka.
Do you mind if I come too?

It’s also possible, in spoken and informal language, not to use the particle MO, and thus to simply put いい after the -TE formation of the verb.

()べていい
Tabete ii?
Can I eat?
Can't be translated as “May I eat”

More information

To express the past form of this structure, simply replace the adjective いい by its past form YOKATTA (よかった).

It’s also possible to find YOI (よい) instead of いい. It’s the same structure but a little more formal.


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