Grammar

PARTICLE NO (の)


Particles in Japanese are short words that carry no real meaning by themselves, but they articulate the syntax and the general meaning of the sentence. This phenomenon is similar to words like “OF” (the United States OF America) in English, where “OF” is used to link two elements semantically. There are many particles in Japanese, but for now, let’s study the particle NO (の).

の is the most frequent Japanese particle. As we have just seen, it’s used to create a link between two elements of the sentence. This link can express possession, or origin. No wonder it’s the particle used to create the Japanese possessive adjectives (my, your, his/her, etc.). Notice that the order of the words may be different from the English order.

日本語(にほんご)学生(がくせい)
Nihongo no gakusei.
Japanese student
a student OF Japanese

フランス(くるま)
Furansu no kuruma.
French car
a car FROM France

先生(せんせい)眼鏡(めがね)
Sensei no megane.
The teacher’s glasses
the glasses OF the teacher

(わたし)(くるま)
Watashi no kuruma.
My car

my/mine watashi no
your/yours anata no
his/her/hers kare no/kanojo no
our/ours watashitachi no
your/yours anatatachi no
their/theirs karera no/kanojotachi no

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  Posted on Jun 21, 2018, 5:31:34 AM #3

Mikejj



Yh audio needs to be changed
  Posted on Aug 15, 2016, 9:44:55 PM #2

Feruto



Actually the second one with the french car is fine. But the audio of the first one does not match the text completely.
The text says: Nihongo no gakusei.
While the audio says: Nihongo no DAIgakusei.
I know it's a minor complaint.

Overall the grammar section is really awesome.
  Posted on Jul 5, 2016, 5:11:29 PM #1

KokiTara2016



On the second lesson here, the audio is wrong. The speaker should be saying Amerika, but is saying what sounds like France(?).
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