Grammar

VDIC + TSUMORI (つもり)


TSUMORI (つもり) is used to express the intention of doing something. The word literally means “intention.” つもり is preceded by a verb in the dictionary form. The structure is:

  • vDic + TSUMORI + DA (plain form used with friends and family)
  • vDic + TSUMORI + DESU (polite form) 

(ぼく)日本(にほん)()つもり()
Boku wa nihon ni iku tsumori (da).
I intend to go to Japan.

Literally: In my case, there is the intention of going to Japan.

You may want to say that you had the intention of doing something (past tense):

(ぼく)日本(にほん)()つもりだった
Boku wa nihon ni iku tsumori datta.
I meant to go to Japan.

Literally: In my case, there was the intention of going to Japan.

It’s the final copula, DESU (です) or DA (だ), that takes the past tense form (DESHITA or DATTA / でした or だった), never the verb that precedes TSUMORI.


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