Grammar

ADJ + KU/NI NARU (なる)


The structure “KU NARU (くなる) or NI NARU (になる)” is used after an adjective to indicate an evolution, a change. なる means “to become.” What precedes these two forms is, therefore, the result of the change.

For adjectives in い, we replace い with -くなる. The adjective いい (well, good) is an exception, and becomes YOKU NARU (良くなる).

富子(とみこ)(おお)きくなった
Tomiko wa ookiku natta ne!
Tomiko has grown!

彼女(かのじょ)すぐ()なるだろう
Kanojo wa sugu yoku naru darou.
She should feel better soon.

Since なる is a verb, it can be conjugated in many different ways to modulate the meaning of the sentence.

The main verb in the structure can also be conjugated (negative form in -ない, or the form -たい used to translate “I want,” etc.). As with adjectives in い, the final い is replaced by く.

最近(さいきん)チョコレート()べたくなることある
Saikin, chokoreeto ga tabetakunaru koto ga aru.
I’ve been feeling like eating chocolate, these days.

数学(すうがく)勉強(べんきょう)すればするほど()からなくなる
Suugaku wa, benkyou sureba suru hodo wakaranakunaru.
The more I study math, and the less I understand it.

For adjectives in NA (な) and nouns, we use になる.

フィリップ英語(えいご)上手(じょうず)なった
Firippu wa eigo ga jouzu ni natta.
Philip has become good at English.

(にく)()べすぎる病気(びょうき)なる
Niku o tabesugiru to, byouki ni naru yo.
If we eat too much meat, we get sick.

(あに)弁護士(べんごし)なるため法律(ほうりつ)勉強(べんきょう)している
Ani wa bengoshi ni naru tame ni houritsu o benkyou shite iru.
My older brother is studying law to become a lawyer.

There is also the structure “verb in -TE form + KARA + length of time + NI NARU” that helps convey the idea of “It has been + length of time + since…”

(あね)結婚(けっこん)してから()ヶ月(かげつ)なります
Ane ga kekkon shite kara go kagetsu ni narimasu.
It has been 5 months since my older sister got married.

東京(とうきょう)()()してからもう()(ねん)なる
Toukyou ni hikkoshite kara mou ni nen ni naru.
I’ve been living in Tokyo for two years now.


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