Particles

Particle TO (と) conditional


1. 

The particle と (TO) can form a conditional structure meaning that something is inevitable if/when something else is done. This conditional can be translated using "if" or "when" most of the time.

If you eat too much, you'll get fat (it's inevitable).
When you steal, you go to prison.

There are other forms of conditional in Japanese (verb + BA, verb + TARA in particular).

()みがかない虫歯(むしば)なる
Ha o migakanai to mushiba ni naru yo.
If you don’t brush your teeth, you’ll get decayed teeth.

明日(あした)(あめ)()運動会(うんどうかい)中止(ちゅうし)なります
Ashita ame ga furu to, undoukai wa chuushi ni narimasu.
If it rains tomorrow, the sport's festival will be canceled.

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