Grammar

Level JLPT Structure Description
5 ARU and IRU (ある / いる) Existence, there is/there are, to have, to be, to exist
5 Suffix SAN (さん) Mister, Miss, Mrs.
5 Particle KA (か) Ask a question, interrogative form
5 Particle NO (の) Possession, origin, possessive adjectives
5 Basic construction Japanese sentence, particle WA
5 Particle MO (も) Too, also, as well
5 Interrogative pronoun NANI / NAN (何) What, Which
5 Basic personal pronouns I, you, he, she, we, you, they
5 How to count in Japanese Counters, Hitotsu system
5 -MASU (-ます) -MASEN (-ません) -MASHITA (-ました) Verbs and polite form, politeness
5 Interrogative pronoun DOKO (どこ) Where, which place
5 Japanese adjectives Adjectives, semi-adjectives, keiyoushi
5 Copula DA / DESU (だ / です) Be, auxiliary, politeness
5 MOU and MADA (もう / まだ) Already, still, not yet, no longer, no more
5 SUKI and KIRAI (好き / 嫌い) to like, to love, to dislike, to hate
5 vConj + TAI (-たい) Will, to want to do, I want to do
5 vConj + TAGARU (たがる) Will, to want to do, he wants to
5 Intensity of adjectives Not at all, not much, a little, very, really, a lot
5 vDic + KOTO GA DEKIRU (ことができる) Can, be able to, know how, capacity
5 DAROU and DESHOU (だろう / でしょう) Supposition, probability, politeness
5 TO OMOU (と思う) / DOU OMOU (どうおもう) I think that, to give one's opinion, to ask for someone's opinion
5 vTe + WA + IKENAI (いけない) Forbidding, don't, not allowed to, can't
5 vDic + MAE NI (前に) Anteriority, before doing
5 vDic + TSUMORI (つもり) To mean to, to be going to, intention, volition
5 vConj + HAJIMERU (始める) Start doing, begin to do
5 vConj + SUGIRU (すぎる) Too much, not enough, excess
5 YORI / NO HOU GA / TO ONAJI NI (より / の方が / と同じように) Comparative of superiority / inferiority /equality
5 vTe + KUDASAI (ください) Imperative, polite query
5 Particle omission Particles in an informal context
5 KYOUMI GA ARU (興味がある) To be interested in, to have an interest in, interesting
5 vConj + NI IKU / NI KURU (に行く / に来る) To go to do, to come to do, action and movement
5 vTe + MO II (もいい) To allow, to ask for, don't have to, don't need to
5 JOUZU and HETA (上手 / 下手) To be good at, to be gifted at, to be bad at
5 vTa + KOTO GA ARU (ことがある) Experience, have already done
5 vTe + IRU (いる) Ongoing action, state, repetitive action, in the middle of doing, durative
5 Obligation IKENAI / NARANAI / DAME Obligation, necessity, have to, must
5 vTari + vTari + SURU (たり...たりする) Sequence of actions, enumeration of activities
5 vConj + DASU (出す) To start to, to begin to, sudden action
5 TOKUI and NIGATE (得意 / 苦手) Faculty to do, to be cut out for
5 Adj + KU/NI NARU (なる) To become, evolution, change
5 NO DA and NO DESU (のだ / のです) Explanation, justification, subjectivity
5 HOU GA II (ほうがいい) Preference, advice, suggestion, you should, you'd better
5 Connecting clauses Complex sentences, actions enumeration, -te form, connective base, conjunctive base
5 ICHIBAN (一番) Superlative Superlative, most, the best, the worst
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